Can breast cancer be prevented?
There is no sure way to prevent breast cancer. But there are things all women can do that might reduce their risk You can lower your risk of breast cancer by changing those risk factors that can be changed. Body weight, physical activity, and diet have all been linked to breast cancer, so these might be areas where you can take action.
Diagnosing breast cancerWomen are usually diagnosed with breast cancer after a routine breast cancer screening, or after detecting certain signs and symptoms and seeing their doctor about them. Below are examples of diagnostic tests and procedures for Breast Cancer treatment In Delhi, India:
- Breast exam
- Breast ultrasound
- Breast MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans
- Lump in a breast
- Pain in the armpits or the breast that does not seem to be related to the woman’s menstrual period
- Pitting or redness of the skin of the breast; like the skin of an orange
- Rash around (or on) one of the nipples
- Swelling (lump) in one of the armpits
- An area of thickened tissue in a breast
- One of the nipples has a discharge; sometimes it may contain blood
- The nipple changes in appearance; it may become sunken or inverted
- The size or the shape of the breast changes
- The nipple-skin or breast-skin may have started to peel, scale or flake.
- Having children – Women who have had no children or who had their first child after age 30 have a slightly higher breast cancer risk. Having many pregnancies and becoming pregnant at a young age reduce breast cancer risk.
- Oral contraceptives – Women using oral contraceptives (birth control pills) have a slightly greater risk of breast cancer
- Hormone therapy after menopause – Using combined hormone therapy after menopause increases the risk of getting breast cancer. It may also increase the chances of dying from breast cancer
- Breastfeeding – Some studies suggest that breastfeeding may slightly lower breast cancer risk, especially if it is continued for 11/2 to 2 years.
- Drinking alcohol – The use of alcohol is clearly linked to an increased risk of developing breast cancer. • Being overweight or obese – Being overweight or obese after menopause increases breast cancer risk. • Physical activity – physical activity in the form of exercise reduces breast cancer risk.
What are the treatment options for breast cancer?
A multi-disciplinary team will be involved in a breast cancer patient’s treatment. The main breast cancer treatment options may include:
- Radiation therapy (radiotherapy)
- Biological therapy (targeted drug therapy)
- Hormone therapy