Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer

Can breast cancer be prevented?

There is no sure way to prevent breast cancer. But there are things all women can do that might reduce their risk You can lower your risk of breast cancer by changing those risk factors that can be changed. Body weight, physical activity, and diet have all been linked to breast cancer, so these might be areas where you can take action.

Diagnosing breast cancer

Women are usually diagnosed with breast cancer after a routine breast cancer screening, or after detecting certain signs and symptoms and seeing their doctor about them. Below are examples of diagnostic tests and procedures for Breast Cancer treatment In Noida, Delhi, India:

  • Breast exam
  • Breast ultrasound
  • Biopsy
  • Breast MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans
  • Breast Cancer Treatment In noida, Breast Cancer treatment In delhi, Breast Cancer treatment In India

What is breast cancer?
Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the breast. The disease occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it, too. The most common type of breast cancer is ductal carcinoma, which begins in the lining of the milk ducts (thin tubes that carry milk from the lobules of the breast to the nipple). Another type of breast cancer is lobular carcinoma, which begins in the lobules (milk glands) of the.
What are the prevalence and incidence of Breast Cancer?
Collectively, US, India and China account for almost one third of the global breast cancer burden. If we see the data of year 2012, in the United States 232,714 women were newly detected with breast cancer and 43,909 women died of breast cancer. So, roughly in the US, for every 5 or 6 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer, one lady is dying of it. In India 144,937 women were newly detected with breast cancer 70,218 women died of breast cancer. So, roughly in India, for every 2 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer, one lady is dying of it. In India, the average age of developing a breast cancer underwent a significant shift over last few decades. 25 years back, 690/o of the patients were above 50 years of age. Presently, almost 48% patients are below 50. An increasing number of patients are in the 25 to 40 years of age, and this definitely is a very disturbing trend.
What are the signs and symptoms of breast cancer?
  • Lump in a breast
  • Pain in the armpits or the breast that does not seem to be related to the woman’s menstrual period
  • Pitting or redness of the skin of the breast; like the skin of an orange
  • Rash around (or on) one of the nipples
  • Swelling (lump) in one of the armpits
  • An area of thickened tissue in a breast
  • One of the nipples has a discharge; sometimes it may contain blood
  • The nipple changes in appearance; it may become sunken or inverted
  • The size or the shape of the breast changes
  • The nipple-skin or breast-skin may have started to peel, scale or flake.
What are the risk factors for Breast Cancer?
Having a risk factor, or even several, does not mean that you will get the disease. Most women who have one or more breast cancer risk factors never develop the disease, while many women with breast cancer have no apparent risk factors (other than being a woman and growing older).
Risk factors you cannot change
Gender • Aging • Genetic risk factor • Family history of breast cancer • Personal history of breast cancer • Race and ethnicity – white women are slightly more likely to develop breast cancer than are African-American women, but African-American women are more likely to die of this cancer. • Menstrual period – Women who have had more menstrual cycles because they started menstruating early (before age 12) and/or went through menopause late (after age 55) have a slightly higher risk of breast cancer.
Risk factors you can change
  • Having children – Women who have had no children or who had their first child after age 30 have a slightly higher breast cancer risk. Having many pregnancies and becoming pregnant at a young age reduce breast cancer risk.
  • Oral contraceptives – Women using oral contraceptives (birth control pills) have a slightly greater risk of breast cancer
  • Hormone therapy after menopause – Using combined hormone therapy after menopause increases the risk of getting breast cancer. It may also increase the chances of dying from breast cancer
  • Breastfeeding – Some studies suggest that breastfeeding may slightly lower breast cancer risk, especially if it is continued for 11/2 to 2 years.
  • Drinking alcohol – The use of alcohol is clearly linked to an increased risk of developing breast cancer. • Being overweight or obese – Being overweight or obese after menopause increases breast cancer risk. • Physical activity – physical activity in the form of exercise reduces breast cancer risk.

What are the treatment options for breast cancer?

A multi-disciplinary team will be involved in a breast cancer patient’s treatment. The main breast cancer treatment options may include:

  • Radiation therapy (radiotherapy)
  • Surgery
  • Biological therapy (targeted drug therapy)
  • Hormone therapy
  • Chemotherapy

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