Lymphoma Cancer

Lymphoma cancer

A Lymphoma is a group of blood cell tumors that occur between the ages of 40 and 70 years and begin in cells of the body’s immune system. In lymphoma, cancer cells are found in the lymphatic system which is comprised of the bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, stomach, intestines, and skin.

Three stages that are known

  • Low-Grade Lymphoma
  • Intermediate-Grade Lymphoma
  • High-Grade Lymphoma

According to the study of the disease, lymphomas are divided into two types:

  • Hodgkin Disease
  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

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In most cases, patients feel painless swelling in the neck, armpits, groin or abdomen. Sometimes the swelling, or the tumor, occurs in other organs such as the skin or stomach (extranodal lymphoma), most common symptoms include

  • Loss of appetite
  • Loss of weight, nausea, vomiting, indigestion or pain in the abdomen
  • A feeling of bloating
  • Itching
  • Fatigue
  • Night sweats

Possible triggers for lymphoma include:

  • Genetic factors
  • Certain infections
  • High doses of radiation
  • Certain viruses
  • AIDS

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In reaching a diagnosis of lymphoma, doctors may do the following:

  • Take the patient’s medical history
  • Refer a thorough physical examination .
  • Order blood tests to check kidney and liver functioning
  • Do a biopsy by removing a small amount of tissue from the suspected area and examining it to see the type of lymphoma present

Treatment preferred for patients

  • Radiotherapy- For stage I & II
  • Radiotherapy & Chemotherapy – For stage III & IV