High-risk factors for oral cancer include smoking, chewing tobacco or using snuff, drinking excessive alcohol, having unprotected sun exposure to the lips, and chewing betel nut. The risk is even higher when people have more than one or more of these unhealthy habits.
Possible signs of cancer are
- A lump in the mouth or neck
- Difficulty swallowing
- Changing in taste or tongue sensation
- White or red patches in the mouth
- Difficulty in moving jaw or tongue
- Problem IN speaking
- Bleeding or pain in the mouth or on the lip
- Weight loss
Treatment for oral and lip cancers include tests such as:
- Radiation- used as the main treatment,
- Surgery- Another treatment option for oral cancer
- Chemotherapy- Typically reserved for cancers that have spread
Oral cancers can be prevented by quitting smoking and limiting the alcohol intake and having a healthy diet. Also, by staying out of the sun also decreases the risk of lip cancer. Sometimes it depends on how far; cancer has spread and on individual needs.