Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the ovary, fallopian tube or peritoneum grow in an uncontrolled way. Females in India are slowly becoming the victim of this deadly disease. Higher risk factors that involve with ovarian cancer are

  • If having a family history of ovarian cancer
  • Increasing age
  • Medical conditions such as endometriosis
  • Use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
  • Tobacco smoking
  • Obesity
  • Bad diet

If you experience any of these symptoms, especially if they are unusual for you or persistent it’s important to see your doctor to be sure. Some symptoms include

  • Abdominal bloating or increased abdominal size
  • Abdominal or pelvic pain
  • Appetite loss, feeling full quickly or indigestion
  • Urinary changes, such as frequency or urgency
  • Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation
  • Unexplained weight loss or weight gain
  • Unexplained fatigue

There is no screening test for ovarian cancer. The best thing you can do is to know your body and be aware of the symptoms of the disease. If you’re still concerned about a persistent symptom, it’s OK to get a second opinion. Trust your instincts. No one knows your body like you do. A number of tests may be done to investigate symptoms of ovarian cancer and confirm a diagnosis such as

  • chest X-rays
  • blood tests
  • biopsy

There are total 4 stages of Ovarian cancer and each stage has substages. Treatment and care of people with cancer is usually provided by a team of health professionals, both medical and allied health, called a multidisciplinary team. Treatment may involve the following.

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Follow up

Regular check up every once in a while is must, and as soon as you find any of the related symptoms, consult a doctor.