Leukemia Cancer

Leukemia cancer

  • Affects the bone marrow and causes rapid production of abnormal white blood cells
  • This overproduction limits the bone marrow’s ability to produce necessary red blood cells and platelets. It also limits the body’s ability to fight infection.

There are four main types of adult Leukemia that exists

  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)

The signs & symptoms that Leukemia cancer shows are:

  • Night sweats and high fever
  • Headaches
  • Bleeding or bruising easily
  • Joint or bone pain
  • Painful or swollen stomach from an enlarged spleen
  • Frequent infections
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Loss of appetite

The treatment procedure includes various test and therapies to detect the stages of the cancer and to sustain it as well.

  • Diagnostic Procedures
  • Fluorescence in Situ Hybridization (FISH)
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Immunophenotyping
  • Kappa Lambda light chain, Immunofixation, Immunoglobulin panel
  • Imaging Procedures
  • Bone scan
  • Karyotype Test (Conventional Cytogenetics)
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
  • DNA Microarray (Comparative Genomic Hybridization)
  • Serum Protein Electrophoresis (SPEP), Urine Protein Electrophoresis (UPEP),
      • Chest X-ray
      • Computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan
      • Positron-emission tomography (PET) scan
      • Magnetic-resonance imaging (MRI)
      • Radiation
      • Chemotherapy

Leukemia cancer is one the rare yet dangerous cancer that can be cured only when it’s been detected at an early stage. living a healthy and safe could is must to prevent the disease.